Traditional Crafts Lava Tube Lake Condah Condah Mission Eel Traps
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An eruption of the Mt Eccles volcano (Budj Bim), which was active between 30,000 and 20,000 years ago dramatically altered the landscape of the region.

Dating back to the end of the Paleolithic age to the Pleistocene, the most recent Tyrendarra lava flow occurred about 20,000 years ago. The regions ancestors would have witnessed this eruption.


Budj Bim is part of the ‘Eccles’ Volcanic landform, geologically known as the Tyrendarra Flow, formed as a result of the explosion of Mt Eccles approximately 27,000 – 30,000 years ago. The
eruption substantially altered the landscape resulting in the formation of the alluvial wetlands and ‘stony rises’ that characterise the environment today. Lake Condah itself was probably
formed about 8,000 years ago. Gunditjmara witnessed the explosion of Eccles and knew it to be the revelation of an important Creation Ancestor. The Gunditjmara word for Mt Eccles is
Budj Bim “High Head”. Mt Napier is the other part of the Ancestor’s head and the landforms associated with both mountains comprise the Ancestor. Although not listed as part of the Budj
Bim National Heritage Landscape, the landscape is spiritually connected to Deen Maar Island (also known as Lady Julia Percy Island). Deen Maar is central to Gunditjmara creation stories
and the place is where the spirits of Gunditjmara go when they die and before moving on. The Tyrendarra flow is considered of National conservation significance for its volcanic geomorphology and is listed on the National Heritage List under Criterion I – Importance as part of Indigenous Tradition (in reference to the revelation of the Creation Ancestor).

Lava Flows
The Tyrendarra lava flow altered the drainage in the area and helped to create Lake Condah and its associated wetlands. These wetlands were used and modified by the Gunditjmara people who developed a complex system for growing and harvesting fish, particularly eels.

Fauna and Flora

Lake Condah is the only part of Budj Bim whose flora and fauna communities are well documented. The dominant dryland community is the Stony Rises Manna Gum Woodland
which is considered to be of National conservation significance due to its intactness and notable lack of species diversity (being heavily dominated by Manna Gums). The Manna Gum Woodlands are under immediate threat from Koalas, which greatly exceed the carrying capacity of the area. Herbfield communities associated with the bed and margins of Lake Condah are of potential State significance. Wetland communities on the property “Allambie” are of National conservation significance due to the presence of the nationally vulnerable Curly Sedge. Twenty species of rare, endangered or vulnerable plants are found on the Tyrendarra flow.

Lake Condah’s fauna is considered of State Significance with a high level of species diversity and some species listed as threatened in Victoria. The area is thought to be one of the last strongholds of the Tiger Quoll and provides habitat to a number of threatened bird species. The Darlots Creek is home to a number of Indigenous fish species, including the short-finned eel.

Koalas, Sugar and Yellow-bellied Gliders, Possums, Eastern Grey Kangaroos, Quolls, Brush-tailed Phascogales, Dusky and Swamp Antechinus can be seen in the park. The 68 species of birds recorded include Grey Thrush, Peregrine Falcon, parrots, wrens, ducks, coots and the Brolga!

Maintaining the Environment
The Gunditjimara people are the caretakers of the region and take their role very seriously with a multitude of projects.

With the construction of a new weir, we will submerge and reclaim the empty basins and reactivate the traditional eel traps set many years ago by the traditional owners.

More Information:
We have a comprehensive student workbook on the environment in the region.  For more information or to order a copy contact us .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

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Budj Bim Tours

21 Scott Street
Heywood, Victoria
Australia 3304

PH: (03) 5527-1699
FAX: (03) 5527-2052